Emaz Beadz

Handmade Jewellery and Crafts

Gemstones

As you can see, I use gemstones in my work. These types of stones are common when it comes to jewellery making and in some cases, there are gemstones that can also be classed as a crystal, but there are some crystals that won’t be classed as a gemstone.

Gemstones can be a mineral or organic base, whilst the make up of crystals have molecules that are arranged in a regular geometric pattern.

Crystals in particular are formed by a natural alignment of minerals over a period of time and are arranged in an organised fashion whilst being built up slowly. A crystal formation is structured in such a way that an energy field is created in and around it. This is known as the piezoelectric effect.

Coming into contact with a crystal builds up a charge and can sometimes cause a tingle effect to more sensitive people, especially when meditating. Gemstones and crystals can be used in a variety of ways and have been over history. They can be placed in a room, worn as jewellery or to carry a piece in your pocket to help you in everyday life.

Crystals and gemstones have been used for their properties for thousands of years. Below are three examples of civilisations that used crystals and gemstones.

Greeks

The term crystal is derived from the Greek word ‘krustallo’, which means ice. The Ancient Greeks believed that Clear Quartz was eternally frozen ice and wore items that were designed to incorporate their Gods with Zeus and Athena being the most popular. By wearing crystal/gemstone jewellery the Greeks also believed that crystals were gifts from the Gods and felt that they, as mere mortals, were closer to the heavens when they wore such adornments.

Egyptians

The Ancient Egyptians left a vast record of their history with many examples of crystals and gemstones left. There are pieces of carnelian, malachite, turquoise, obsidian, quartz and lapis lazuli within King Tutankhamen’s death-mask. It is also thought that Cleopatra had her servants ground the blue gemstone lapis lazuli with wax in order to create the distinctive eye shadow make up. Due to its ‘royal blue colouring’, Cleopatra was thought to have said that lapis lazuli was to be only used by the Kings and Queens of Egypt.

Native Americans

The Native Americans used gemstones and crystals as talismans and carved images of their myths into them. They also shaped gemstones/crystal beads and weaved them into dreamcatchers in order to ward off bad dreams. They believed that the crystals and gemstones will help heal the sick and protect their community.

Terminology

Regarding the terminology of crystals and gemstones, there is a lot of jargon. Below is a table of just a few for when you are looking to purchase a crystal and/or gemstone.

Gemstone/Crystal Jargon

Facet

The flat side/face of a gem/crystal. Facets are often parallel on both sides of the gem and it’s what we see and that look is typical of a crystal.

Geode

A naturally formed cavity within a rock and typically once volcanic rock bubbles over time. It’s often lined with crystals that have grown towards the centre.

Hardness

Measured on the Mohs hardness scale and named after the German mineralogist Frederick Mohs. There are degrees of hardness from 1to10, from soft talc to hard diamond.

Inclusion

A microscopic piece of dust/air that’s trapped inside the crystal when it was forming.

Iridescence

A play of colour with its effects coming from the interference of light on the crystal’s thin layers. It can make a crystal look attractive.

Lustre

It describes the way that light is reflected off the gemstone/crystal surface.

The Wonder of Clear Quartz

Clear quartz is also known as ‘the master healer’ as it amplifies both energy and thought. This crystal has also been used in time pieces and other technical equipment, such as computers and MRI scanners due to its ability to regulate an electronic isolator that’s used to keep perfect time.

It’s discovery and harnessing of using clear quartz in time keeping has changed the way we tell the time forever.

Gemstones I use in jewellery making

  • Garnet

  • Aventurine

  • Carnelian

  • Clear Quartz

  • Hematite

  • Peridot

  • Peach Moonstone

  • Moonstone

  • Cultured Pearls

  • Peruvian Opal

  • Mother of Pearl

  • Labradorite

  • Amethyst

  • Tigers Eye

  • Emerald

  • Lapis Lazuli

  • Agate

  • Amber

  • Citrine

  • Blue Goldstone

  • Abalone / Paua Shell

  • Aquamarine

  • Turquoise

Gemstones for:

Birthstones

This is a list of the gemstones that are usually used in jewellery making and are most commonly known to be associated with.

January – Garnet

February – Amethyst

March – Aquamarine

April – Diamond/Clear Quartz

May – Emerald

June – Moonstone

July – Carnelian/Ruby

August – Peridot

September – Sapphire/Lapis Lazuli

October – Opal

November – Citrine

December – Turquoise

Star Signs

Capricorn – Garnet

Aquarius – Amethyst

Pisces – Aquamarine

Aries – Red Jasper

Taurus – Rose Quartz

Gemini – Citrine

Cancer – Moonstone

Leo – Carnelian

Virgo – Peridot

Libra – Kyanite

Scorpio – Malachite

Sagittarius – Sodalite

Planets

Moon – Selenite

Mercury – Agate

Venus – Emerald

Mars – Ruby

Jupiter – Zircon

Saturn – Sapphire

Sun – Diamond

(Uranus, Neptune and Pluto had yet to be discovered.)

Gemstones and Chakras

Chakra means wheel in Sanskrit or ‘Wheel of Light’, as the colours represent the seven colours in the spectrum and rainbow. Bet you won’t look at a rainbow in the same way?

When our Chakras are clean and free, they help to promote spiritual, intellectual, physical and emotional well-being.

When any of the Chakras are ‘blocked’, it can affect our ability to function properly in certain areas of our lives.

Chakra Table

Number & Colour

Name & Place

Meaning

Gemstone/Crystal

7th

Purple

Crown

Just above the top of the head

Spirituality, connection to the Universe, imagination and awareness

Amethyst

Clear Quartz

6th

Indigo

Brow / Third Eye

Centre of the forehead

Mind, ideas, thoughts, dreams, psychic abilities

Lapis Lazuli

Sodalite

5th

Blue

Throat

The base of the throat

Communication

Blue Lace Agate

Aquamarine

4th

Green

Heart

Centre of the chest

Safety, trust, adventure, love

Malachite

Aventurine

Rose Quartz

3rd

Yellow

Solar Plexus

Between the bottom of the ribcage and the navel

Personal power, emotions, physical centre

Citrine

Tigers Eye

2nd

Orange

Sacral

The lower abdomen between the navel and pubic bone

Connection to other people, creativity, energy

Carnelian

Orange Calcite

1st

Red

Base / Root

The base of the spine

Survival, health, abundance, connection to the Earth, moving forward in life

Red Jasper

Garnet

Himalayan Salt Lamps

Salt lamps are believed to create negatively charged ions in the air, as modern day pollution and other electrical equipment creates positive ions in the air. These ions can be potentially harmful and cause the air quality in these areas to deteriorate.

By using a salt lamp, you are replacing the negatively charged ions to help avoid the alleged physical and mental harm that an ‘electric smog’ creates.

Most Himalayan salt lamps are for indoor use only and are a decorative piece that isn’t to be left switched on if it’s unattended for long periods of time.

It’s important to try and keep the lamp away from excessive moisture or humidity, as it might show signs of ‘sweating’ on the surface. This is the moisture that’s absorbed by the salt and then driven off again by the warmth of the bulb. It’s a normal process that helps to drive the air purification effect.

The best way to clean a salt lamp is to use a damp cloth, do not apply cleaning products or immerse it in water. It is salt and it dissolves in water.

There are occasions when the moisture from the lamp may mark the surface that it is resting on, leave it in strong sunlight for around 4-5 hours and then brush off any excess crystals.

Benefits of using a Himalayan Salt Lamp

  • Attracts humidity

  • Removes moisture from the air and therefore pollutants

  • Neutralizes the ‘electronic pollution’ in the air

  • Reduces allergens and irritants

  • Creates and soothing effect

  • Aids sleep

  • Improves mood

Gemstones associated with…

Many gemstones and crystals have properties associated with calming, grounding, protecting and repelling negative energies. Below is a list of the more common emotions and situations many people would like their crystals and gemstones to work for.

Job interview – Citrine, Aventurine and Ruby

Anxiety – Labradorite, Green Aventurine or Lepidolite

Calming – Blue Lace Agate, Amethyst, Rose Quartz or Lepidolite

Stress – Amethyst, Rose Quartz, Labradorite, Lepidolite

Depression – Smoky Quartz, Jet, Lapis Lazuli

Memory – Pyrite, Clear Quartz, Rhodonite or Fluorite

Love – Rose Quartz, Rhodochrosite, Rhodonite

Protection – Black Tourmaline, Onyx, Amethyst, Prehnite

Luck – Citrine, Aventurine, Jade, Sunstone, Gypsum, Chrysoprase

Self-esteem – Lapis Lazuli, Pyrite, Gypsum, Citrine, Larimar

Sleep – Amethyst, Smoky Quartz, Moonstone, Obsidian, Rose Quartz

Happiness – Amber, Smoky Quartz, Lepidolite, Rose Quartz

Bereavement – Jet, Angelite, Smoky Quartz, Celesite

Gemstones for beginners

  • Black Onyx

  • Citrine

  • Rose Quartz

  • Amethyst

  • Tigers eye

  • Clear Quartz

  • Selenite

  • Aventurine

  • Black Tourmaline

Taking care of crystals and gemstones

Storing

  • On a shelf or windowsill

  • Printers tray

  • Velvet pouches

  • Gemstone jars

  • Glass cabinet

There may come a point where your collection is wide and varied, so you’ll have to remember to label certain stones due to many being the same colour!!!

Cleansing

There are many ways you can clean crystals/gemstones, some are easier than others due to practicability:

  • Hold under running water – not to be done with softer crystals like Selenite, as they can flake

  • Singing bowls, bells or cymbals

  • Crystal cluster – place a crystal on top of the cluster and leave for as long as you feel necessary

  • Bury in the Earth at a Full Moon and unearth them at the New Moon

  • Incense – waft the crystal through the smoke, it can be Frankincense, Sandalwood or an incense of your choice

  • Smudging – light a smudge stick and waft the smoke over the crystal

  • Breath – breathe in deeply, then as you exhale, focus your mind on cleansing the crystal of any negativity

There is no right or wrong when cleansing your crystals, do what you feel is right.

I have cleaned crystals in running water (holding them gently in my hands for a few minutes whilst in the shower), placing them on a small amethyst cluster or by placing them in front of my portable speaker whilst playing my favourite songs.

My gemstone collection

For practicality, I would like to keep my own collection of gemstones and crystals small. Maybe the size of one baby bookcase shelf, which is what it currently is.

In reality I know that this won’t happen AT ALL!

I will keep going to Health and Well-being events, Rock and Gem Shows and anywhere else where they sell gemstones and crystals and I will buy more.

So far in my collection I have:

  • Clear Quartz x2 tumbled & x2 points – the points are great for meditation.

  • Amethyst x2*

  • Merlinite

  • Red Jasper *

  • Aventurine *

  • Rose Quartz x2

  • Blue John

  • Lapis Lazuli – as a pendulum

  • Black Tourmaline – raw

  • Abalone shell

  • Sodalite *

  • Aquamarine *

  • Tigers Eye *

  • Carnelian *

  • Angelite

*these gemstones are my Chakra stones and are in a separate box.

Gemstone and Crystal Meanings

I did think of writing all the gemstone and crystal meanings and definitions, but then I realised that it would be a lot for people to read.

With that in mind, please feel free to click on the link below for a full list* (in alphabetical order) of all the gemstones and crystals I have mentioned.

You can even print it off if you so wish!

And yes, it took a very long time to complete it.

*The PDF will be updated whenever I have purchased or have been gifted a new gemstone or crystal for my own collection or when I have bought a new gemstone to use in my jewellery making.

PDF: LIST OF GEMSTONE AND CRYSTAL MEANINGS MENTIONED ON THIS PAGE

More information on gemstones

Below is a list of resources that I use in order to find information on gemstones, crystals and crystal healing:

The Internet!

Google (obviously) and Pinterest are my two favourite starting points.

The Crystal Bible by Judy Hall

A staple for anyone interested in gemstones and crystals. There are multiple volumes, as new crystals and gemstones are being discovered.

Crystal Tips and Cures by Philip Permutt

A guidebook to the meanings of around 100 gemstones and crystals. He has also written the best selling book ‘The Crystal Healer’.

The Centre of Excellence

An online learning centre. I started off with a Crystal Healing Audio Course to help get me started and to get a better understanding to how crystals and gemstone help in our everyday lives.

Sunstone Crystal Healing workshops via The Crystal Bear in Garstang

I have attended: An Introduction to Crystals, Dowsing with Pendulums, Crystals and the Chakras and Gem Essences workshops. They were all really interesting and in some cases made a lot of sense to me.

Sunstone Crystal Healing is a crystal healer and Reiki Master and someone who knows her stuff on how crystals and gemstones works.

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